Three Major Causes Of Infertility After Abortion



Abortion whether a willful or a necessity is a very tough process for any women. It is not as easy as it may seem. It puts a lot of pressure on a woman’s body and she remains drowsy and unfit for normal life for quite a long while. Even when she is fit again there is a whole big controversial medical issue awaiting her about infertility after abortion. The issue is no doubt controversial yet and there is no clear answer to the truth of it, however, no one deny the link of abortion with infertility.

Here we will talk about some major causes of infertility after abortion. There are though various reasons that may cause infertility after abortion but some of them are not significant with very rare chances of occurrences, so we will skip them aside and talk about those which are most common around us.


While many medical professionals consider this to be false and do not believe that uterine scarring cause infertility but they do not deny the fact that abortion causes weakness in the uterus. During abortion several curettages and dilations sometimes cause scarring at the upper cervix or inner side of the uterus. However, this only happens where there is already an infection in the given area. Some professionals are of the opinions that since this happen sometimes in normal post-deliveries stage as well, that’s why we cannot link it specifically to abortion. In general pregnancies, antibiotics are given to the patient before delivery to minimize the chances of any kinds of infection. Although it can cause infertility but it is very rare and is treatable through modern medical surgeries.


Pelvic inflammatory disease is another significant cause of infertility after abortion. During this disease a severe inflammation occurs around uterus and fallopian tubes which may at times spread to ovaries and causes inflammation there as well. This disease can be caused by virus, parasites or bacteria and can cause infertility in long term. Although Pelvic inflammatory disease is curable; it can causes scars inside the reproduction system which can result in infertility. This disease is generally considered as a sexually transmitted infection and usually linked to sexual intercourse after delivery. However, during processes like abortion where bleeding is involved there are chances of getting this infection which may lead to infertility even if the disease is cured. Women suffering with PID infertility are often advised by fertility experts to try the IVF to conceive a baby.


Cervical incompetence is the situation when a women’s cervix expand and get thinner much before the pregnancy reaches its maturity. The condition is generally very rare among women around United stated and hardly 1-2% of pregnant ladies face this condition. But with 20-25% chances, cervical incompetence is the leading cause of miscarriages in United States. During abortion the cervix can be affected and weakened which causes the risk of miscarriages and pre-mature delivery of child. It can also cause the rare case of very fast labor, during which the delivery occurs within a few minutes hence putting severe load on the woman.  Cervical incompetence is mainly caused when abortion occurs post-first trimester.

Abortion may risk causing all or any of these conditions and lead to infertility in women, but chances are very rare. Due to the low possibility of suffering from any such condition in abortion, the medical practitioners usually give a simple ‘No’ as the answer to infertility after abortion.

It is important to clear a misconception about abortion that every abortion will cause infertility. This is completely wrong and illogical statement. With slight chances there, as mentioned above, there are millions of women who had successful pregnancies after abortions. Some women even reported to have successfully conceived and given birth to babies after two or three abortions, hence busting the myth that all abortions cause infertility.

With all these conditions in mind, it is highly advisable to avoid abortions unless necessary. Your ability to conceive and give birth to a baby in future can be at risk. If abortion becomes a necessity it must be done through a qualified and registered medical practitioner under strictly hygienic and professional medical environment to avoid any chances of getting infection.